Partitioning of rare earth elements, Y, Th, U, and Pb between pargasite, kaersutite, and basanite to trachyte melts

Implications for percolated and veined mantle

Massimo Tiepolo*, Riccardo Vannucci, Piero Bottazzi, Roberta Oberti, Alberto Zanetti, Stephen Foley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)


A new set of partitioning data for rare earth elements (REE: La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er, and Yb), Y, Th, U, and Pb has been obtained for 25 calcic amphiboles (pargasites and kaersutites) crystallized from alkali-basaltic and basanitic bulk rock compositions at fo2 ∼ΔFMQ-2, pressure P = 1.4 GPa, and temperature T between 950°and 1075°C. The variations of amphibole/liquid partition coefficients and of their ratios relevant to petrogenetic studies are discussed with reference to the major element composition of the amphiboles and of the coexisting melt, and to the crystal chemical mechanisms for trace element incorporation. Our results support the conclusions that REE and actinides are incorporated into the M4 cavity in calcic amphiboles and distributed between the two available sites within that cavity and that Pb is incorporated into the A site. In our sample population, REE patterns are systematically enriched in heavy REE (HREE), as expected from the presence of significant cummingtonite component. No significant fractionation is observed between Th and U. The major factor controlling the amount of trace element incorporation is the SiO2 content of the melt. The major implication of this study is that HREE can become compatible in amphibole in systems with SiO2 content greater than ∼50 wt %, whereas LREE always remain incompatible. We use the new DREE amph/l values to calculate the effects of amphibole crystallization during melt migration in the upper mantle by reactive porous flow as well as fractional crystallization of amphibole during melt migration in veined systems. We show that both processes will lead to residual liquids and solids with extremely variable LaN/YbN ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • actinides
  • Lithospheric mantle
  • pargasitic amphibole
  • partition coefficients
  • rare earth element
  • trace elements

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