Patriarchy in Singapore is manifest in a fairly standard range of politically and socially conservative practices and has long been legitimated, as it has elsewhere, by ideas about ‘culture’ and ‘tradition’ as well as by naturalistic assumptions about gender roles – as if culture reﬂects nature in any case. These ideas also coalesce around a notion of ‘the family’ – or at least a certain type of family – as constituting the very foundation of society. Similar concerns have been reﬂected in the rhetoric of politicians (and others) of different stripes, at different times, and in different countries around the world. Just as frequently, the concern about women and their speciﬁc role in the family has been tied into broader concerns about the nation, its character and its capacity to survive – indeed, to reproduce itself quite literally. In other words, patriarchy and conceptions of the ideal family associated with it are scarcely tied to any speciﬁc cultural, geographical or historical context – although the form these take, the way in which they are institutionalized, and the justiﬁcations devised on their behalf, may vary according to local factors.