One of the many advantages of multivariate pattern recognition approaches over conventional mass-univariate group analysis using voxel-wise statistical tests is their potential to provide highly sensitive and specific markers of diseases on an individual basis. However, a vast majority of imaging problems addressed by pattern recognition are viewed from the perspective of a two-class classification. In this article, we provide a summary of selected works that propose solutions to biomedical problems where the widely-accepted classification paradigm is not appropriate. These pattern recognition approaches address common challenges in many imaging studies: high heterogeneity of populations and continuous progression of diseases. We focus on diseases associated with aging and propose that clustering-based approaches may be more suitable for disentanglement of the underlying heterogeneity, while high-dimensional pattern regression methodology is appropriate for prediction of continuous and gradual clinical progression from magnetic resonance brain images.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2011|
- Alzheimer's disease
- high-dimensional pattern analysis
- pattern regression