Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive cancer type with poor patient outcomes. Interestingly, we reported previously a novel association between the little studied paucimannosidic N-linked glycoepitope and glioblastoma. Paucimannose has only recently been detected in vertebrates where it exhibits a very restricted tumor-specific expression. Herein, we demonstrate for the first time a very high protein paucimannosylation in human grade IV glioblastoma and U-87MG and U-138MG glioblastoma cells. Furthermore, we revealed the involvement of paucimannosidic epitopes in tumorigenic processes including cell proliferation, migration, invasion and adhesion. Finally, we identified AHNAK which is discussed as a tumor suppressor as the first paucimannose-carrying protein in glioblastoma and show the involvement of AHNAK in the observed paucimannose-dependent effects. This study is the first to provide evidence of a protective role of paucimannosylation in glioblastoma, a relationship that with further in vivo support may have far reaching benefits for patients suffering from this often fatal disease.
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- cancer progression
- glioblastoma multiforme
- paucimannosidic epitopes