Peer-to-peer online voice as emergent collective action

Michael Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


E-voice is now a common form of worker voice. Existing scholarship has focused on e-voice’s potential for grievance-airing and resistance; however, much work-oriented online discussion is not change oriented but more in the nature of information sharing and mutual aid. Even when not deliberately intended to be, mutual aid discussion can be an exercise of worker voice because it identifies and highlights pain points in the workplace, spreads awareness of these through online communities and constitutes an attempt to improve an objectionable state of affairs. As otherwise voiceless workers discover and act on these shared ideas en masse, they create an emergent form of collective action.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-797
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Industrial Relations
Issue number5
Early online date22 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Employee voice
  • Uber
  • gig economy
  • technological change
  • unorganised workers


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