Peer victimization during adolescence and risk for anxiety disorders in adulthood: a prospective cohort study

Lexine A. Stapinski*, Lucy Bowes, Dieter Wolke, Rebecca M. Pearson, Liam Mahedy, Katherine S. Button, Glyn Lewis, Ricardo Araya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Peer victimization is ubiquitous across schools and cultures, and has been suggested as one developmental pathway to anxiety disorders. However, there is a dearth of prospective studies examining this relationship. The purpose of this cohort study was to examine the association between peer victimization during adolescence and subsequent anxiety diagnoses in adulthood. A secondary aim was to investigate whether victimization increases risk for severe anxiety presentations involving diagnostic comorbidity. Methods The sample comprised 6,208 adolescents from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children who were interviewed about experiences of peer victimization at age 13. Maternal report of her child's victimization was also assessed. Anxiety disorders at age 18 were assessed with the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between victimization and anxiety diagnoses adjusted for potentially confounding individual and family factors. Sensitivity analyses explored whether the association was independent of diagnostic comorbidity with depression. Results Frequently victimized adolescents were two to three times more likely to develop an anxiety disorder than nonvictimized adolescents (OR = 2.49, 95% CI: 1.62-3.85). The association remained after adjustment for potentially confounding individual and family factors, and was not attributable to diagnostic overlap with depression. Frequently victimized adolescents were also more likely to develop multiple internalizing diagnoses in adulthood. Conclusions Victimized adolescents are at increased risk of anxiety disorders in later life. Interventions to reduce peer victimization and provide support for victims may be an effective strategy for reducing the burden associated with these disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-582
Number of pages9
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ALSPAC
  • adolescence
  • anxiety
  • bullying
  • comorbidity
  • longitudinal
  • peer victimization

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