Pelagic records from the Equatorial Ninetyeast Ridge and significant environmental events during the past 3.5 Ma

Hualing Wei*, Nianqiao Fang, Xuan Ding, Lanshi Nie, Xiuming Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper presents pelagic records of planktic foraminifera, as well as data of stable isotope stratigraphy and carbonate stratigraphy since 3.5 Ma B.P. from site ODP758 in the Ninetyeast Ridge of the Indian Ocean. Based on these data, manifestations and related mechanisms of major tectonic and environmental events such as the rapid uplift of the Himalaya Mountains,"middle Pleistocene climatic transition" and "mid-Brunhes dissolution event" in the region are discussed. According to the analysis and comparison of various indices and changes in terms of foraminifera assemblage, paleotemperature, paleosalinity and themocline from site ODP758, the authors deduce that the paleoclimatic changes might correlate with the mid-Pleistocene transition at 1.4-1.7 Ma B.P. The changes of CaCO3, mass accumulation rates (MAR) of CaCO3 and non- CaCO3 MAR indicate that the loaded terrigenous sediments increased at 1.7 Ma, which is in agreement with the uplift history of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau as shown by the available data. The last two changes coincide with the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, hence they are called "Qinghai-Tibet movement" (1.7 Ma), and the "Kunlun-Yellow River movement" (1.2-0.6 Ma). The changes of the CaCO3 content, coarse fraction (> 150 μm) content and planktonic foraminifera biostratigraphy show that strong dissolution of abyssal CaCO3 occurred in the study region during 0.5-0.4 Ma. The event was consistent with the "mid-Brunhes dissolution event" in the sedimentary records of the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and Nansha sea area of the South China Sea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers of Earth Science in China
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Mid-Pleistocene transition
  • Ninetyeast Ridge
  • Pelagic sediment
  • Uplift of Tibetan plateau

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