A percutaneously-controlled inflatable cuff which can change the diameter of a portacaval H-graft has been developed and used in 10 patients. When inflated, the cuff narrows the H-graft to increase portal pressure and reduce shunting. Use of the cuff has been of clinical significance in 3 of 7 long-term surviving patients. Narrowing the shunt improved the clinical state in 2 patients with encephalopathy, and reopening a closed shunt improved ascites in the third patient. Duplex ultrasound and deep Doppler have demonstrated an alteration of hepatic portal blood flow following inflation of the cuff after 6 months. It is concluded that further development of this controlled portacaval H-graft is warranted.