Personality characteristics in men suffering from chronic tension-type and cervicogenic headaches

Wanzhen Chen, Wenjun Yu, Wei He, Wei Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Chronic tension-type headache, a primary head pain, and the cervicogenic headache, a secondary one due to the pathologyof the upper-cervical spine, share similar clinical manifestations, but their personality traits might be different. Therefore, we administered the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) and the Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scales (SSS) in 18 patients suffering from chronic tension-type headache, 19 from cervicogenic headache as well as in 26 healthy volunteers. Depressive trends were measured with the Plutchik-van PraagDepression Inventory (PVP). Compared to healthy controls, the chronic tension-type headache group scored significantly higher on ZKPQ Neuroticism-Anxiety and on PVP, the cervicogenic headache group scored significantly lower on SSS Thrill and Adventure Seeking. In addition, the cervicogenic headache group had a significantly lower SSS Total score than both chronic tension-type headache group and healthy controls did. The present results indicate that the higher Neuroticism-Anxiety and depression in chronic tension-type headache might be subsequent to the head pain, while the lower sensation seeking in cervicogenic headache might be related to the activity reduction due to neck trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeadaches
Subtitle of host publicationCauses, Treatment and Prevention
EditorsPietro G. Gallo, Giovanna M. Giordano
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781621008637
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervicogenic headache
  • Chronic tension-type headache
  • Personality trait


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