Personalized aortic pressure waveform estimation from brachial pressure waveform using an adaptive transfer function

Shuo Du, Yang Yao, Guozhe Sun, Lu Wang, Jordi Alastruey, Alberto P. Avolio, Lisheng Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background and objective: The aortic pressure waveform (APW) provides reliable information for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. APW is often measured using a generalized transfer function (GTF) applied to the peripheral pressure waveform acquired noninvasively, to avoid the significant risks of invasive APW acquisition. However, the GTF ignores various physiological conditions, which affects the accuracy of the estimated APW. To solve this problem, this study utilized an adaptive transfer function (ATF) combined with a tube-load model to achieve personalized and accurate estimation of APW from the brachial pressure waveform (BPW). Methods: The proposed method was validated using APWs and BPWs from 34 patients. The ATF was defined using a tube-load model in which pulse transit time and reflection coefficients were determined from, respectively, the diastolic-exponential-pressure-decay of the APW and a piece-wise constant approximation. The root-mean-square-error of overall morphology, mean absolute errors of common hemodynamic indices (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure) were used to evaluate the ATF. Results: The proposed ATF performed better in estimating diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure (1.63 versus 1.94 mmHg, and 2.37 versus 3.10 mmHg, respectively, both P < 0.10), and produced similar errors in overall morphology and systolic blood pressure (3.91 versus 4.24 mmHg, and 2.83 versus 2.91 mmHg, respectively, both P > 0.10) compared to GTF. Conclusion: Unlike the GTF which uses fixed parameters trained on existing clinical datasets, the proposed method can achieve personalized estimation of APW. Hence, it provides accurate pulsatile hemodynamic measures for the evaluation of cardiovascular function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106654
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Adaptive transfer function
  • Aortic pressure waveform
  • Brachial pressure waveform
  • Diastolic exponential decay phenomenon
  • Tube-load model


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