We derive a set of equations that describes the shape and behavior of a single perturbed vortex line in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Through the use of a matched asymptotic expansion and a unique coordinate transform, a relation for a vortex's velocity, anywhere along the line, is found in terms of the trapping, rotation, and distortion of the line at that location. This relation is then used to find a set of differential equations that give the line's specific shape and motion. This work extends a previous similar derivation by Svidzinsky and Fetter [Phys. Rev. A 62, 063617 (2000)], and enables a comparison with recent numerical results.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jul 2012|