In two experiments, we investigated the effects on change detection and identification of the phonological similarity of the names of drawn objects shown in simple arrays. Experiment 1 examined the effects of phonological similarity on report of identity changes (in which one object was replaced by another) in a five-item array and Experiment 2 its effects on reporting switch changes (in which objects exchanged places). Phonological similarity did not impair change detection, and identification of new objects on change trials was more accurate in Experiment 1. However, phonological similarity significantly reduced change detection and identification of objects that switched location in Experiment 2. The results indicate different roles for a visual short-term memory system such as the visuospatial sketchpad and for phonological coding and storage in detecting and identifying replaced objects and object locations in arrays.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Memory and Cognition|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2006|