Photocatalysis of the reaction between ammonia and nitric oxide on TiO2 surfaces

Noel W. Cant*, John R. Cole

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photocatalytic reaction between ammonia and nitric oxide on TiO2 wafers under near ultraviolet illumination has been investigated. The reaction produces nitrogen and nitrous oxide with a ratio slightly above two. When 15NH3 and 14NO are used, 14N15N and 14N14NO are formed almost exclusively. Comparative measurements have been made for the related photocatalytic reaction between ammonia and oxygen, and for nitric oxide photodecomposition. The rate of the latter is approximately one-sixth that of the ammonia plus nitric oxide reaction. It yields nitrogen and nitrous oxide with a ratio less than 0.5 and is accompanied by some deposition of nitrates on the TiO2 wafer. The ammonia plus oxygen reaction is of intermediate rate and is also accompanied by nitrate formation. The nitrogen/nitrous oxide ratio is approximately four when using 10 Torr of each reactant. Both reactions involving ammonia exhibit a small deuterium kinetic isotope effect, the rate ratio for NH3 versus ND3 being about 1.3. Nitrous oxide production is zero order in ammonia and shows a Langmuir-like dependence on oxidant pressure. Both oxidation reactions exhibit similarly curved Arrhenius plots with low apparent activation energies. The dependencies on light intensity are nonlinear, with an apparent order of approximately 0.6 in both cases. A model which can explain the overall characteristics of the three reactions is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-330
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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