Photostimulated and persistent luminescence of samarium ions in BaFCl

Jun Zhang, Hans Riesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Storage phosphors with efficient photostimulated luminescence (PSL) and/or persistent luminescence (PersL) are in great demand for a range of applications. In this paper, PSL, PersL and thermoluminescence (TL) of samarium ions doped in a macroscopic and sub-micron crystals of BaFCl are reported, and it is demonstrated that the co-precipitated BaFCl:Sm3+ sub-micron crystals become an efficient photostimulable X-ray storage phosphor upon annealing in the temperature range of 200–500 °C. The dependence of storage phosphor properties on annealing temperature was investigated and it was found that the X-irradiated co-precipitated BaFCl:Sm3+ crystallites (~400 nm size) showed maximum PSL and PersL from both Sm2+ and Sm3+ ions when annealed at 500 °C for 4 h. From a comparison with data for the macroscopic crystal (~3 mm) and ball-milled nanopowders (~30 nm), it also followed that PSL and PersL in the BaFCl:Sm system is affected by the crystal size. TL from Sm2+ of the macroscopic crystal is compared with the TL of sub-micron powders annealed at different temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Photostimulated luminescence
  • Persistent luminescence
  • Thermoluminescence
  • Samarium
  • Storage phosphor

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