For more than two decades the field of physical education (PE) has been called to play a role in the public health battle against youth physical inactivity and associated non-communicable diseases. In 1991, Sallis and McKenzie (1991) advocated for an approach to PE that acknowledged the mounting evidence of health benefits associated with regular physical activity (PA) for youth. This chapter provides a focus for PE, which throughout its rich history had struggled with a ‘muddled mission’ (Pate & Hohn, 1994). That is, PE lacked, and continues to lack, a true identity that resonated with both the public and education sectors. Examination of the field shows a shifting focus that began with a heavy emphasis on gymnastics-based skills and fitness. Post-World Wars the focus shifted toward game-based models that progressed to perceptual motor skills, fitness outcomes, and then to academic integration. Currently, a health-promotion or public health approach to PA focusing on PA promotion is advocated by many (Sallis et al., 2012). This ever-changing emphasis has contributed to the continued marginalization of the field in both public and education sectors (Siedentop, 2009).
|Title of host publication||The Routledge handbook of youth physical activity|
|Editors||Timothy A. Brusseau, Stuart J. Fairclough, David R. Lubans|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publisher||Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2020|