Physical parameter study of eight W Ursae Majoris-type contact binaries in NGC 188

Xiaodian Chen, Licai Deng, Richard De Grijs, Xiaobin Zhang, Yu Xin, Kun Wang, Changqing Luo, Zhengzhou Yan, Jianfeng Tian, Jinjiang Sun, Qili Liu, Qiang Zhou, Zhiquan Luo

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15 Citations (Scopus)


We used the newly commissioned 50 cm Binocular Network telescope at Qinghai Station of Purple Mountain Observatory (Chinese Academy of Sciences) to observe the old open cluster NGC 188 in V and R as part of a search for variable objects. Our time-series data span a total of 36 days. Radial velocity and proper-motion selection resulted in a sample of 532 genuine cluster members. Isochrone fitting was applied to the cleaned cluster sequence, yielding a distance modulus of and a total foreground reddening of E(V - R) = 0.062 ± 0.002 mag. Light-curve solutions were obtained for eight W Ursae Majoris eclipsing binary systems (W UMas), and their orbital parameters were estimated. Using the latter parameters, we estimate a distance to the W UMas that is independent of the host cluster's physical properties. Based on combined fits to six of the W UMas (EP Cep, EQ Cep, ES Cep, V369 Cep, and - for the first time - V370 Cep and V782 Cep), we obtain an average distance modulus of , which is comparable to that resulting from our isochrone fits. These six W UMas exhibit an obvious period-luminosity relation. We derive more accurate physical parameters for the W UMa systems and discuss their initial masses and ages. The former show that these W UMa systems have likely undergone angular momentum evolution within a convective envelope (W-type evolution). The ages of the W UMa systems agree well with the cluster's age.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129
Number of pages13
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • binaries: eclipsing
  • methods: data analysis
  • open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 188, Berkeley 39)
  • stars: distances


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