Pictures as communication symbols for students with severe intellectual disability

Jennifer Stephenson*, Ken Linfoot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The use of pictographic symbols for expressive or receptive communication can be a valuable skill for persons with severe intellectual disability. This article reviews knowledge about picture recognition and use derived from cross-cultural studies, studies with young children, and studies with persons with intellectual disability in an attempt to clarify how picture skills emerge and how pictures come to be used as symbols for the objects they depict.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-255
Number of pages12
JournalAAC: Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)
  • Graphic symbols
  • Iconicity
  • Representation
  • Severe mental retardation


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