PIGMIL: Positive Instance Detection via Graph Updating for Multiple Instance Learning

Dongkuan Xu, Jia Wu, Wei Zhang, Yingjie Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Positive instance detection, especially for these in positive bags (true positive instances, TPIs), plays a key role for multiple instance learning (MIL) arising from a specific classification problem only provided with bag (a set of instances) label information. However, most previous MIL methods on this issue ignore the global similarity among positive instances and that negative instances are non-i.i.d., usually resulting in the detection of TPI not precise and sensitive to outliers. To the end, we propose a positive instance detection via graph updating for multiple instance learning, called PIGMIL, to detect TPI accurately. PIGMIL selects instances from working sets (WSs) of some working bags (WBs) as positive candidate pool (PCP). The global similarity among positive instances and the robust discrimination of instances of PCP from negative instances are measured to construct the consistent similarity and discrimination graph (CSDG). As a result, the primary goal (i.e. TPI detection) is transformed into PCP updating, which is approximated efficiently by updating CSDG with a random walk ranking algorithm and an instance updating strategy. At last bags are transformed into feature representation vector based on the identified TPIs to train a classifier. Extensive experiments demonstrate the high precision of PIGMIL's detection of TPIs and its excellent performance compared to classic baseline MIL methods.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalarXiv e-prints
Publication statusSubmitted - 12 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Positive Instance Detection
  • Multiple Instance Learning
  • Graph Learning
  • True Positive Instance


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