PIMMS: photonic integrated multimode microspectrograph

Joss Bland-Hawthorn*, Jon Lawrence, Gordon Robertson, Sam Campbell, Ben Pope, Chris Betters, Sergio Leon-Saval, Tim Birks, Roger Haynes, Nick Cvetojevic, Nem Jovanovic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


We present the first integrated multimode photonic spectrograph, a device we call PIMMS #1. The device comprises a set of multimode fibres that convert to single-mode propagation using a matching set of photonic lanterns. These feed to a stack of cyclic array waveguides (AWGs) that illuminate a common detector. Such a device greatly reduces the size of an astronomical instrument at a fixed spectroscopic resolution. Remarkably, the PIMMS concept is largely independent of the telescope diameter, input focal ratio and entrance aperture - i.e. one size fits all! The instrument architecture can also exploit recent advances in astrophotonics (e.g. OH suppression fibres). We present a movie of the instrument's operation and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGround-based and airborne instrumentation for astronomy III
EditorsIan S. McLean, Suzanne K. Ramsay, Hideki Takami
Place of PublicationBellingham, WA
Number of pages9
Volume7735, Part One of Four Parts
ISBN (Print)9780819482259
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 20102 Jul 2010


OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

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Copyright 2010 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.


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