Pitch contour impairment in congenital amusia

new insights from the Self-paced Audio-visual Contour Task (SACT)

Xuejing Lu*, Yanan Sun, Hao Tam Ho, William Forde Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    7 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Individuals with congenital amusia usually exhibit impairments in melodic contour processing when asked to compare pairs of melodies that may or may not be identical to one another. However, it is unclear whether the impairment observed in contour processing is caused by an impairment of pitch discrimination, or is a consequence of poor pitch memory. To help resolve this ambiguity, we designed a novel Self-paced Audio-visual Contour Task (SACT) that evaluates sensitivity to contour while placing minimal burden on memory. In this task, participants control the pace of an auditory contour that is simultaneously accompanied by a visual contour, and they are asked to judge whether the two contours are congruent or incongruent. In Experiment 1, melodic contours varying in pitch were presented with a series of dots that varied in spatial height. Amusics exhibited reduced sensitivity to audio-visual congruency in comparison to control participants. To exclude the possibility that the impairment arises from a general deficit in cross-modal mapping, Experiment 2 examined sensitivity to cross-modal mapping for two other auditory dimensions: timbral brightness and loudness. Amusics and controls were significantly more sensitive to large than small contour changes, and to changes in loudness than changes in timbre. However, there were no group differences in cross-modal mapping, suggesting that individuals with congenital amusia can comprehend spatial representations of acoustic information. Taken together, the findings indicate that pitch contour processing in congenital amusia remains impaired even when pitch memory is relatively unburdened.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0179252
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages15
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume12
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2017

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pitch contour impairment in congenital amusia: new insights from the Self-paced Audio-visual Contour Task (SACT)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this