Placebo interventions for nausea: a systematic review

Veronica F. Quinn*, Ben Colagiuri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Expectancy often predicts nausea, but the extent to which placebo interventions can alter nausea is less clear.

Purpose

We conducted a systematic review to determine 1) if placebo interventions can affect nausea and 2) which features of these interventions are effective.

Methods

Articles were identified via PsychInfo, Medline, and PubMed databases. We targeted instructional and conditioning interventions aimed at altering nausea via the placebo effect.

Results

Fourteen studies were identified, nine instructional and five conditioning. Many found evidence suggesting that placebo interventions could alter nausea, but a few found no evidence or ‘reverse’ effects. Effective interventions tended to be those that were aimed at participants with high initial expectancies, with evidence that combined or conditioning manipulations were more effective than instructions.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that placebo interventions can alter nausea and that these may serve as a useful way of reducing the burden of nausea in practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-462
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • placebo effect
  • expectancy
  • nausea
  • instruction
  • conditioning

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