Plasmon nanofocusing with negative refraction in a high-index dielectric wedge

Dmitri K. Gramotnev, Shiaw J. Tan, Martin L. Kurth

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Here, we describe a metal-insulator-insulator nanofocusing structure formed by a high-permittivity dielectric wedge on a metal substrate. The structure is shown to produce nanofocusing of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the direction opposite to the taper of the wedge, including a range of nanoplasmonic effects such as nanofocusing of SPPs with negative refraction, formation of plasmonic caustics within a nanoscale distance from the wedge tip, mutual transformation of SPP modes, and significant local field enhancements in the adiabatic and strongly nonadiabatic regimes. A combination of approximate analytical and rigorous numerical approaches is used to analyze the strength and position of caustics in the structure. In particular, it is demonstrated that strong SPP localization within spatial regions as small as a few tens of nanometers near the caustic is achievable in the considered structures. Contrary to other nanofocusing configurations, efficient nanofocusing is shown to occur in the strongly nonadiabatic regime with taper angles of the dielectric wedge as large as ~40° and within uniquely short distances (as small as a few dozens of nanometers) from the tip of the wedge. Physical interpretations of the obtained results are also presented and discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)175-184
    Number of pages10
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


    • Field enhancement
    • Nanofocusing
    • Negative refraction
    • Plasmonic caustics
    • Subwavelength localization
    • Surface plasmon polaritons


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