Plasmonic Bound States in the Continuum to Tailor Light-Matter Coupling

Andreas Aigner, Andreas Tittl, Juan Wang, Thomas Weber, Yuri Kivshar, Stefan A. Maier, Haoran Ren

Research output: Working paperPreprint


Plasmon resonances play a pivotal role in enhancing light-matter interactions in nanophotonics, but their low-quality factors have hindered applications demanding high spectral selectivity. Even though symmetry-protected bound states in the continuum with high-quality factors have been realized in dielectric metasurfaces, impinging light is not efficiently coupled to the resonant metasurfaces and is lost in the form of reflection due to low intrinsic losses. Here, we demonstrate a novel design and 3D laser nanoprinting of plasmonic nanofin metasurfaces, which support symmetry-protected bound states in the continuum up to 4th order. By breaking the nanofins out-of-plane symmetry in parameter space, we achieve high-quality factor (up to 180) modes under normal incidence. We reveal that the out-of-plane symmetry breaking can be fine-tuned by the triangle angle of the 3D nanofin meta-atoms, opening a pathway to precisely control the ratio of radiative to intrinsic losses. This enables access to the under-, critical-, and over-coupled regimes, which we exploit for pixelated molecular sensing. Depending on the coupling regime we observe negative, no, or positive modulation induced by the analyte, unveiling the undeniable importance of tailoring light-matter interaction. Our demonstration provides a novel metasurface platform for enhanced light-matter interaction with a wide range of applications in optical sensing, energy conversion, nonlinear photonics, surface-enhanced spectroscopy, and quantum optics.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusSubmitted - 21 Jul 2022

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