Plate tectonics and the Himalayas

C. McA Powell*, P. J. Conaghan

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    339 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Himalayas, commonly taken as the type example of continent-continent collision, have developed in two stages. The first stage involves convergence of the northward-drifting Indian subcontinent with a proto-Tibetan landmass during Late Cretaceous and Palaeocene, with collision before Middle Eocene. The second stage involves formation of a fundamental crustal fracture within the Indian block during Late Eocene and Oligocene, and underthrusting of the Indian subcontinent along this fracture from Miocene to Recent. The present elevated Himalayan mountain chain is not a direct result of the continent-continent collision, but of uplift during underthrusting along the deep crustal fracture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Volume20
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1973

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Plate tectonics and the Himalayas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this