POI recommendation for occasional groups based on hybrid graph neural networks

Lingqiang Meng, Zhizhong Liu*, Dianhui Chu, Quan Z. Sheng, Jian Yu, Xiaoyu Song

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, POI (Point-of-interest) recommendation for groups has become a critical challenge when helping groups to discover potentially interesting new places, and some effective recommendation models have been proposed to address this issue. However, most existing research focuses on POI recommendation for fixed groups, few studies have been conducted on POI recommendation for occasional groups. To tackle this issue, we propose a POI recommendation model for occasional groups based on Hybrid Graph Neural Networks (termed as PROG-HGNN) which combines excellent graph neural networks models. Firstly, PROG-HGNN generates the fitted representation of the occasional group based on the Node Influence Indicator (INF) method and Graph Attention Networks (GAT) model. Then, PROG-HGNN learns POIs’ representations containing members’ POI interaction preferences and members’ POI transfer preferences with the Signed Bipartite Graph Neural Networks (SBGNN) model and the Session-based Graph Neural Networks (SRGNN) model, respectively. Finally, PROG-HGNN recommends the potential POIs for the occasional group based on the fitted representation of the occasional group and the learned representations of POIs. We verify our proposed model on three public benchmark datasets (Foursquare, Gowalla and Yelp), which contains 124,933 to 860,888 POI check-in records. The comparison between our proposed model and the twelve baseline models demonstrates the outstanding performance of PROG-HGNN. In terms of Precision@K and Recall@K, our model achieves about 32.92% and 19.67% improvement compared with the best baseline models on the three benchmark datasets averagely. Adequate ablation experiments prove the effectiveness of the members’ POI interaction preferences learning module and POI transfer preferences learning module.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121583
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue numberPart B
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024


  • POI recommendation
  • Occasional group
  • Social influence
  • Graph neural networks
  • POI interaction preferences
  • POI transfer preferences


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