Polymer-coated NH2-UiO-66 for the codelivery of DOX/pCRISPR

Navid Rabiee, Mojtaba Bagherzadeh*, Mahdi Heidarian Haris, Amir Mohammad Ghadiri, Firouz Matloubi Moghaddam*, Yousef Fatahi, Rassoul Dinarvand, Atefeh Jarahiyan, Sepideh Ahmadi, Mohammadreza Shokouhimehr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Herein, the NH2-UiO-66 metal organic framework (MOF) has been green synthesized with the assistance of high gravity to provide a suitable and safe platform for drug loading. The NH2-UiO-66 MOF was characterized using a field-emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction, and zeta potential analysis. Doxorubicin was then encapsulated physically on the porosity of the green MOF. Two different stimulus polymers, p(HEMA) and p(NIPAM), were used as the coating agents of the MOFs. Doxorubicin was loaded onto the polymer-coated MOFs as well, and a drug payload of more than 51% was obtained, which is a record by itself. In the next step, pCRISPR was successfully tagged on the surface of the modified MOFs, and the performance of the final nanosystems were evaluated by the GFP expression. In addition, successful loadings and internalizations of doxorubicin were investigated via confocal laser scanning microscopy. Cellular images from the HeLa cell line for the UiO-66@DOX@pCRISPR and GMA-UiO-66@DOX@pCRISPR do not show any promising and successful gene transfections, with a maximum EGFP of 1.6%; however, the results for the p(HEMA)-GMA-UiO-66@DOX@pCRISPR show up to 4.3% transfection efficiency. Also, the results for the p(NIPAM)-GMA-UiO-66@DOX@pCRISPR showed up to 6.4% transfection efficiency, which is the first and superior report of a MOF-based nanocarrier for the delivery of pCRISPR. Furthermore, the MTT assay does not shown any critical cytotoxicity, which is a promising result for further biomedical applications. At the end of the study, the morphologies of all of the nanomaterials were screened after drug and gene delivery procedures and showed partial degradation of the nanomaterial. However, the cubic structure of the MOFs has been shown in TEM, and this is further proof of the stability of these green MOFs for biomedical applications.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10796–10811
Number of pages16
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • drug delivery
  • gene delivery
  • green chemistry
  • MOF


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