Porous media flow in granitoid magmas: an assessment

N. Petford

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Compaction and compositional convection as potential in-situ differentiation mechanisms in granitoid intrusions has been investigated numerically for melt fractions of between 10 and 50%. The results show that the major factor controlling fluid movement, and hence chemical and mineralogical variation during late stage crystallisation is the viscosity of the interstitial melt. Thus, for anhydrous melts where viscosity increases with crystallisation, fluid migration rates are trivial over the average lifespan of even the largest silicic magma chambers (ca. 106 years). Alternatively, if the melt viscosity decreases during crystallisation, the relative movement of evolved fluid relative to the solid phase is such that both processes become potentially viable mechanisms of in situ magma chamber differentiation. A major consequence of both compaction and compositional convection in basic magmas is the production, through superefficient melt extraction, of texturally equilibrated, layered monominerallic rocks. -from Author

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)261-286
    Number of pages26
    JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper)
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

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