Port town and its harbours

sedimentary proxies for landscape and seascape reconstruction of the Greco-Roman site of Berenike Troglodytica on the Red Sea coast of Egypt

Anna M. Kotarba-Morley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Berenike Troglodytica was one of the key harbours on the Red Sea coast during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods and was a major trade and exchange hub connecting the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. Berenike’s geographical position was extraordinarily propitious owing partly to its natural harbours, protected against the prevailing northern winds, as well as its location in the vicinity of an ancient viewshed – the large peninsula of Ras Benas. This paper discusses how multifaceted geoarchaeological approaches to the study of ancient ports can contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms and logistics of maritime trade, as well as fluctuations in its quality and quantity. It also disseminates the latest results of geoarchaeological fieldwork and analyses carried out in Berenike’s harbours, with an aim of shedding new light on the significance of the effect that local and regional palaeoclimatic, landscape, seascape and environmental changes had on the development and decline of the port, and its changing role within the Red Sea – Indian Ocean maritime network.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-92
Number of pages32
JournalPolish Archaeology in the Mediterranean
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Greco-Roman
  • ancient harbour
  • port of trade
  • geoarchaeology
  • Red Sea
  • Indo-Roman trade
  • maritime trade

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