Positive indirect interactions in marine herbivores and algae

Jacqueline E. Bell, Jane E. Williamson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

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There is an increasing interest in how nested positive indirect interactions involving at least three species maintain community structure. Recent research shows that positive indirect effects can strongly influence community structure, organisation and functioning. It is thus important to understand and identify positive indirect effects for the purpose of predicting system responses to certain perturbations. In order to investigate indirect effects, experimental manipulations must be carried out within the entire framework of the community of interest. Hence, often due to logistical difficulties, indirect effects, especially those that yield positive results, have been less studied. Here we present a synthesis of current information on patterns of positive indirect effects and review and compare recently conducted experimental studies in marine herbivores and algae.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHerbivores
EditorsVonnie D. C. Shields
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9789535129882
ISBN (Print)9789535129875
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • indirect
  • plant
  • cascade
  • habitat
  • facilitation

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