Possibility of evolution in culture of the Oryctes Nudivirus of the coconut rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Geoffrey Bedford

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Abstract

It is suggested that the isolates of Oryctes Nudivirus (OrNV), cultured for decades in cells of Heteronychus arator (F.) (HA), be checked to verify genomic changes have not occurred which adapt them to culture but reduce or cancel their ability to infect the target pest, the coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Oryctes rhinoceros (L.). Full genomes of field-caught OrNV isolates, and their infectivity against larvae and adults, could be compared with those of HA-cultured isolates. Further data to correlate OrNV dosage indices with doses in number of virions/ml could be advantageous so as to explore if CRB larvae or adults may resist infection by a sub-threshold dose. Also the possibility of changes in the HA culture cells which alter the outer coat of the resulting virion, hence perhaps its infectivity towards CRB cells, could be checked. Might it be possible to move beyond HA-culture and develop tissue culture of Oryctes rhinoceros cells for mass production of OrNV as this beetle species is the target? Nuclear genomes of OrNV-resistant and OrNV-susceptible strains of the CRB could be examined for changes perhaps correlated with resistance. The possibility of endosymbiotic bacteria affecting CRB susceptibility to OrNV might be checked.
Original languageEnglish
Article number81982
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalAdvances in Entomology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Oryctes rhinoceros
  • Haplotype
  • Oryctes Nudivirus
  • OrNV
  • Heteronychus arator
  • HA
  • Virion

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