Post-orogenic extension in the eastern part of the Jiangnan orogen

evidence from ca 800-760Ma volcanic rocks

Xiao-Lei Wang*, Liang-Shu Shu, Guang-Fu Xing, Jin-Cheng Zhou, Ming Tang, Xu-Jie Shu, Liang Qi, Yan-Hua Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

185 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a systematic geochronological and geochemical study on ca 800-760Ma volcanic rocks in the eastern part of the Jiangnan orogen. The Xucun composite dykes are dated at ca 805Ma; the mafic components have OIB-like trace-element patterns and positive anomalies in Zr and Hf. The least-contaminated sample has relatively depleted Nd isotopic features, suggesting the Xucun mafic dykes may have been generated from the partial melting of OIB-like asthenosphere with later crustal contamination. The Xucun felsic dykes have decoupled Nd-Hf isotopes, and the Hf-isotope compositions of zircons indicate that the dykes may be derived from the partial melting of the early Neoproterozoic juvenile crustal materials, with minor incorporation of Paleoproterozoic crustal components. The ca 800-790Ma Shangshu volcanics include two compositional series: calc-alkaline and tholeiitic. The Shangshu calc-alkaline volcanics in the Minjiawu area have low abundances of LILE, HFSE and high Na2O contents and Sr/Y ratios, similar to adakitic rocks. The evident arc-like geochemical features and radiogenic Nd isotopes (εNd(t) values of +3.7 to +4.8) suggest that these rocks may have been generated from the partial melting of juvenile lithospheric mantle metasomatized by Na-rich melts released from the subducted slab. The tholeiitic mafic rocks from the Shangshu bimodal volcanics represent two different magma sources. The partial melting of metasomatized lithospheric mantle led to the formation of arc-like basalts with low TiO2 contents, negative anomalies in Zr and Hf, and high values of Mg# and εNd(t) (+6.2), whereas the partial melting of asthenospheric mantle generated volcanic rocks with high TiO2 contents and low positive εNd(t) (+1.4 to +2.7), without negative anomalies of Nb, Ta, Zr and Hf. The Shangshu felsic rocks were formed by the reworking of early Neoproterozoic juvenile arc crustal materials. The ca 760Ma mafic rocks from the Puling bimodal volcanics generally have low TiO2 contents (<0.9wt%), nearly flat REE distributions and arc-like trace-element patterns. They may have been generated from the high-degree partial melting of metasomatized lithospheric mantle. One sample has a high TiO2 content (2.41wt%) and high εNd(t) (+6.2), with overall OIB-like trace-element patterns, implying the local partial melting of asthenospheric mantle. The occurrence of significant volumes of bimodal volcanics in the eastern part of the Jiangnan orogen suggests an extensional setting in the period ca 800-760Ma. The evident partial melting of newly-metasomatized lithospheric mantle and subordinate partial melting of asthenosphere suggest that post-orogenic extension shortly after the Neoproterozoic orogenesis may be a better explanation for the genesis of the mid-Neoproterozoic magmatic rocks in the eastern part of the Jiangnan orogen. Post-orogenic extension may be diachronous along the whole orogenic belt, and probably has no direct relationship with the Rodinia rifting event. A more detailed model is presented to illustrate the evolution of the eastern part of the Jiangnan orogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-423
Number of pages20
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume222-223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • post-orogenic
  • extension
  • neoproterozoic
  • Jiangnan orogen
  • tectonic evolution
  • South China

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