Postprandial lipemia

factoring in lipemic response for ranking foods for their healthiness

Cintia Botelho Dias, Paul J. Moughan, Lisa G. Wood, Harjinder Singh, Manohar L. Garg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

One of the limitations for ranking foods and meals for healthiness on the basis of the glycaemic index (GI) is that the GI is subject to manipulation by addition of fat. Postprandial lipemia, defined as a rise in circulating triglyceride containing lipoproteins following consumption of a meal, has been recognised as a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Many non-modifiable factors (pathological conditions, genetic background, age, sex and menopausal status) and life-style factors (physical activity, smoking, alcohol and medication use, dietary choices) may modulate postprandial lipemia. The structure and the composition of a food or a meal consumed also plays an important role in the rate of postprandial appearance and clearance of triglycerides in the blood. However, a major difficulty in grading foods, meals and diets according to their potential to elevate postprandial triglyceride levels has been the lack of a standardised marker that takes into consideration both the general characteristics of the food and the food's fat composition and quantity. The release rate of lipids from the food matrix during digestion also has an important role in determining the postprandial lipemic effects of a food product. This article reviews the factors that have been shown to influence postprandial lipemia with a view to develop a novel index for ranking foods according to their healthiness. This index should take into consideration not only the glycaemic but also lipemic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number178
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalLipids in Health and Disease
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Lipemic load
  • Postprandial lipemia
  • Triglyceridemia

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