Powder consolidation by severe plastic deformation and its applications in processing ultrafine and nanostructured aluminium and composites

Kenong Xia, Wei Xu, Xiaolin Wu, Shouqie Goussous, Edward Lui, Yi Sun Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


Severe plastic deformation (SPD) based processes have shown great potential in producing bulk ultrafine and nanostructured materials. In addition to refining grains, SPD processes such as equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and high pressure torsion (HPT) can be used to fabricate bulk materials from particles. It enables particles from nano to micro scales to be consolidated into fully dense materials at much lower temperatures and shorter times, compared to conventional sintering. It is especially suitable for producing complex multiphase alloys and nanocomposites. In this paper, the mechanism of SPD consolidation is illustrated using the example of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) of micro- and nano-scaled pure Al particles. It is shown that consolidation and good bonding require the particles to undergo plastic deformation rather than sliding over each other. In addition to monolithic materials, Al-C composites have been produced in combination with mechanical milling. In another example, Al and Ti particles have been mixed and consolidated using a combination of mechanical alloying and ECAP to obtain ultrafine and nanostructured alloys. In all cases, the mechanical behaviour is dependent on the scale and distribution of the phases, and both strength and ductility can be significantly improved by finer sizes and more uniform distribution, which are achievable through SPD processing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on Aluminium Alloys
EditorsShinji Kumai, Osamu Umezawa, Yoshimasa Takayama, Takayuki Tsuchida, Tatsuo Sato
Place of PublicationTokyo, Japan
PublisherThe Japan Institute of Light Metals
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9784905829119
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Aluminium Alloys (12th : 2010) - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: 5 Sep 20109 Sep 2010


ConferenceInternational Conference on Aluminium Alloys (12th : 2010)
CityYokohama, Japan


  • severe plastic deformation
  • equal channel angular pressing
  • powder consolidation
  • ultrafine
  • nanostructured

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