Despite improvements in safety of hepatic resection post-operative complications occur in up to a half of patients. A systematic review was undertaken to compare the effect of pre-operative and peri-operative nutritional supplementation on post-operative outcomes in patients undergoing hepatic resection for malignancy. Included studies were identified through a search of PubMed (1966 to November 2016), Embase (1947 to November 2016) and the Cochrane Library (1993 to November 2016). Eleven studies involving a total of 725 patients were included in this systematic review. BCAA supplementation in the pre-operative and peri-operative period was reported to reduce the overall complication rate by 26.9% (P = 0.01) in one cohort study while pre-operative immunonutrition was shown to reduce post-operative ascites by 25.4% (P =0.012) in another cohort study without affecting the overall complication rate. Four further studies on enteral supplementation failed to show a benefit with regards to post-operative complications. Post-operative mortality was unaffected by pre-operative and peri-operative BCAA. Both pre-operative and peri-operative nutritional supplementation have shown promising results regarding the post-operative course of patients undergoing hepatic resection for malignancy. No randomized controlled study exists directly comparing pre-operative and peri-operative nutrition and this needs to be focused on in future research.