Predator chemical cues decrease attack time and increase metabolic rate in an orb-web spider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Animals are able to assess the risk of predation and respond accordingly via behavioural and physiological changes. Web-building spiders are in the unique situation where they reside in the middle of their web and are therefore relatively exposed to predators. Thus, these spiders might moderate either their web-building behaviour or their behaviour on the web when exposed to the threat of predation. In this study, we experimentally explored how chemical cues from a predator influence foraging behaviour and metabolic rate in females of the orb-web spider Argiope keyserlingi. We found that female spiders restricted their foraging time budget when exposed to the predator cues from a praying mantid: they responded 11% and 17% quicker to a vibratory stimulus compared with control and non-predator cues, respectively, and spent less time handling the prey. Moreover, spiders were less likely to rebuild the web under predator cues. Female A. keyserlingi exposed to the praying mantid cue significantly elevated their metabolic rate compared with the control group. Our findings revealed short-term modifications over the 2 week trials in foraging behaviour and the physiology of female spiders in response to predator cues. This study suggests that under predator cues the spiders move quicker and this could be facilitated by elevation in metabolic rate. Reduced foraging activity and less frequent web repair/rebuilding would also reduce the spiders' exposure to praying mantid predators.

LanguageEnglish
Article numberjeb212738
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume222
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

spider web
Spiders
chemical cue
spider
Cues
Araneae
predator
predators
Mantodea
foraging
foraging behavior
predation
Argiope
handling time
rate
Budgets
repair
physiology
animal
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Argiope keyserlingi
  • Predation
  • Time allocation
  • Attack behaviour
  • Web structure
  • Resting metabolic rate

Cite this

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title = "Predator chemical cues decrease attack time and increase metabolic rate in an orb-web spider",
abstract = "Animals are able to assess the risk of predation and respond accordingly via behavioural and physiological changes. Web-building spiders are in the unique situation where they reside in the middle of their web and are therefore relatively exposed to predators. Thus, these spiders might moderate either their web-building behaviour or their behaviour on the web when exposed to the threat of predation. In this study, we experimentally explored how chemical cues from a predator influence foraging behaviour and metabolic rate in females of the orb-web spider Argiope keyserlingi. We found that female spiders restricted their foraging time budget when exposed to the predator cues from a praying mantid: they responded 11{\%} and 17{\%} quicker to a vibratory stimulus compared with control and non-predator cues, respectively, and spent less time handling the prey. Moreover, spiders were less likely to rebuild the web under predator cues. Female A. keyserlingi exposed to the praying mantid cue significantly elevated their metabolic rate compared with the control group. Our findings revealed short-term modifications over the 2 week trials in foraging behaviour and the physiology of female spiders in response to predator cues. This study suggests that under predator cues the spiders move quicker and this could be facilitated by elevation in metabolic rate. Reduced foraging activity and less frequent web repair/rebuilding would also reduce the spiders' exposure to praying mantid predators.",
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Predator chemical cues decrease attack time and increase metabolic rate in an orb-web spider. / Ameri, Mohammad; Kemp, Darrell J.; Barry, Katherine L.; Herberstein, Marie E.

In: Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 222, No. 22, jeb212738, 11.2019, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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