Predicting predator recognition in a changing world

Alexandra J. R. Carthey, Daniel T. Blumstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Through natural as well as anthropogenic processes, prey can lose historically important predators and gain novel ones. Both predator gain and loss frequently have deleterious consequences. While numerous hypotheses explain the response of individuals to novel and familiar predators, we lack a unifying conceptual model that predicts the fate of prey following the introduction of a novel or a familiar (reintroduced) predator. Using the concept of eco-evolutionary experience, we create a new framework that allows us to predict whether prey will recognize and be able to discriminate predator cues from non-predator cues and, moreover, the likely persistence outcomes for 11 different predator–prey interaction scenarios. This framework generates useful and testable predictions for ecologists, conservation scientists, and decision-makers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalTrends in Ecology & Evolution
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • predator–prey interactions
  • eco-evolutionary experience
  • novelty
  • invasion
  • disturbed ecosystems
  • naiveté


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