Speech in various noise backgrounds was processed through four different non-linear devices and the intelligibility of the processed signals was predicted from the Speech Transmission Index (STI). A novel calculation method was applied in order to avoid artifacts. Running speech was used as input signal and STI was calculated from the envelopes of the squared, noise-free speech signal and of the processed, squared, noisy signal in 23 critical bands. In situations with linearly processed speech and a stationary background noise, this calculation method gives results identical with the procedure described by Steeneken and Houtgast. However, in a number of situations with non-linearly processed speech, or a time varying background noise level, the calculation method used here is preferable. The predictions were evaluated in a psycho-acoustic listening test and the predictions agreed well with the listening test results.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Supplement|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- hearing aids