Predictors of student defenders of peer aggression victims: Empathy and social cognitive factors

Kirstin Barchia, Kay Bussey*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    108 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Despite wide recognition of the important role of student bystanders in influencing peer aggression in schools, little is currently known about what influences students to intervene in defense of peer aggression victims. This longitudinal study involving 1, 167 primarily white adolescents (aged 12-15 years, 613 females) investigated the role of social cognitive factors and empathy as predictors of students defending victims of peer aggression. High levels of collective efficacy beliefs in the ability of students and teachers to work together to stop peer aggression were associated with higher frequency of defending behavior over time. For girls, empathy was also associated with defending over time.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)289-297
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
    Volume35
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

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