Predynastic man and landscape in the Samara Area (Eastern Nile Delta, Egypt): a geo-archaeological approach

Y. Tristant, M. De Dapper

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Studies done recently in the Nile Delta, which is considered to be the part of Egypt most threatened by urbanism and agricultural pressure, gives rise to new ideas about human occupation during the Predynastic and the Early Dynastic periods (4th millennium BC). In the Samara area, 40 km south-east of Mansura, a multidisciplinary team has initiated a research program on the period of state formation in Egypt. Geomorphological studies undertaken in the Kom el-Khilgan area made it possible to recognise that the site exists on a levelled sandy residual hill which provided high ground above the floods in the 4th millennium BC. From the example of Kom el-Khilgan, to which several geoarchaeological techniques have been applied (geological profiling, classical hand augering, geoelectrical profiling and sounding) the aim of this study is to propose a model of the human occupation in the Nile Delta and to locate the sites into their archaeological regional context.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOl' man river
Subtitle of host publicationgeo-archaeological aspects of rivers and river plains
EditorsMorgan de Dapper, Frank Vermeulen
Place of PublicationGhent, Belgium
PublisherAcademia Press in cooperation with Ghent University, Dept. of Archaeology and Ancient History of Europe
Pages601-615
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9789038214047
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event"Ol'man River": Geo-Archeological Aspects of Rivers and River Plains - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 22 Sep 200624 Sep 2006

Publication series

NameArchaeological reports Ghent University
PublisherAcademia Press in cooperation with Ghent University, Dept. of Archaeology and Ancient History of Europe

Conference

Conference"Ol'man River": Geo-Archeological Aspects of Rivers and River Plains
CityGhent, Belgium
Period22/09/0624/09/06

Keywords

  • Egypt
  • Nile Delta
  • Environment
  • Human occupation
  • Samara
  • Kom el-Khilgan
  • Protohistory
  • Predynastic
  • Early Dynastic
  • Archaeology
  • Geomorphology
  • Geoarchaeology

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