Preinjury psychiatric disorder in the aetiology of acute postconcussion syndrome

S. Meares, E. A. Shores, J. Batchelor, A. Taylor, R. A. Bryant, I. J. Baguley

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

    Abstract

    Research suggests that individuals with psychiatric illness may be at an increased risk for traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Fann et al., 2002). Those who sustain mild TBI are at risk of persistent psychiatric disorder (Fann et al., 2004). Preinjury psychiatric illness has also been proposed as a predictor of persistent postconcussion syndrome (PCS) following mild TBI (Carroll et al., 2004). Few studies, however, have investigated the relationship between preinjury psychiatric illness and the aetiology of PCS. The aim of the current study was to examine predictors of acute PCS (within the first 14 days after injury) in a prospective sample of consecutive trauma admissions to a Level 1, trauma hospital. The final sample comprised 90 mTBI and 85 non-brain injured trauma controls. Preinjury psychiatric disorder, demographic factors, injury-related characteristics, neuropsychological and psychological variables were examined as predictors of acute PCS. Multiple imputation of missing data in multivariable logistic regression was used to predict acute PCS, a mean 4.90 days postinjury. The strongest effect for acute PCS was at least one previous affective or anxiety disorder. Female gender was the next largest effect. Higher IQ, response speed, acute posttraumatic stress and pain were also significant predictors of acute PCS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)223
    Number of pages1
    JournalAustralian Journal of Psychology
    Volume59
    Issue numberSuppl.
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    EventAnnual Conference of APS College of Clinical Neuropsychologists (13th : 2007) - Sunshine Coast, Queensland
    Duration: 22 Sep 200724 Sep 2007

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