Preoperative exercise halves the postoperative complication rate in patients with lung cancer: a systematic review of the effect of exercise on complications, length of stay and quality of life in patients with cancer

Daniel Steffens, Paula R. Beckenkamp, Mark Hancock, Michael Solomon, Jane Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of preoperative exercises interventions in patients undergoing oncological surgery, on postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and quality of life.

Design: Intervention systematic review with meta-analysis.

Data sources: MEDLINE, Embase and PEDro.

Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Trials investigating the effectiveness of preoperative exercise for any oncological patient undergoing surgery were included. The outcomes of interest were postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and quality of life. Relative risks (RRs), mean differences (MDs) and 95% CI were calculated using random-effects models.

Results: Seventeen articles (reporting on 13 different trials) involving 806 individual participants and 6 tumour types were included. There was moderate-quality evidence that preoperative exercise significantly reduced postoperative complication rates (RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.74) and length of hospital stay (MD -2.86 days, 95% CI -5.40 to -0.33) in patients undergoing lung resection, compared with control. For patients with oesophageal cancer, preoperative exercise was not effective in reducing length of hospital stay (MD 2.00 days, 95% CI -2.35 to 6.35). Although only assessed in individual studies, preoperative exercise improved postoperative quality of life in patients with oral or prostate cancer. No effect was found in patients with colon and colorectal liver metastases.

Conclusions: Preoperative exercise was effective in reducing postoperative complications and length of hospital stay in patients with lung cancer. Whether preoperative exercise reduces complications, length of hospital stay and improves quality of life in other groups of patients undergoing oncological surgery is uncertain as the quality of evidence is low. 

Original languageEnglish
Article number344
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • cancer
  • exercise
  • meta-analysis
  • review
  • surgery

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