Pressure-independent cardiac effects of angiotensin II in pigs

M. Broomé*, M. Haney, S. Häggmark, G. Johansson, A. Åneman, B. Biber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a potent vasoconstrictor with an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. Earlier results have shown a positive acute inotropic effect of Ang II in anaesthetized pigs together with significant vasoconstriction. This investigation was designed to study cardiac effects of Ang II, when blood pressure was maintained constant by experimental means. Methods: Ang II (200 μg h-1) was infused in anaesthetized pigs (n = 10) at two different arterial blood pressures, the first determined by the effects of Ang II alone, and the second maintained at baseline blood pressure with nitroprusside. Cardiac systolic and diastolic function was evaluated by analysis of left ventricular pressure-volume relationships. Results: Heart rate, end-systolic elastance (Ees) and pre-load adjusted maximal power (PWRmax EDV-2) increased at both blood pressure levels, although less when blood pressure was kept constant with nitroprusside. The time constant for isovolumetric relaxation (τ1/2) was prolonged with Ang II alone and shortened with Ang II infused together with nitroprusside. Conclusion: Ang II infusion in the pig has inotropic and chronotropic properties independent of arterial blood pressure levels, although the effects seem to be blunted by pharmacological actions of the nitric oxide donor nitroprusside.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Angiotensin amide
  • Angiotensin II
  • Cardiac function
  • Conductance volumetry
  • Diastolic function
  • Nitroprusside
  • Swine
  • Systolic function

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