Prevalence and predictors of poor sleep quality in mild cognitive impairment

Andrew McKinnon, Zoe Terpening, Ian B. Hickie, Jennifer Batchelor, Ron Grunstein, Simon J G Lewis, Sharon L. Naismith*

*Corresponding author for this work

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the prevalence of and contributors to poor sleep quality in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Data were collected for 158 patients meeting the criteria for MCI. Measures included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Mini-Mental State Examination. Demographic, lifestyle, medication, and substance use data were also collected. Results: A total of 63% of patients with MCI demonstrated sleep disturbance, a significantly higher rate than that of the controls (44%; chi-square = 8.77; P = .003). Depressive symptoms, cognition, antidepressant usage, alcohol consumption, age, and education were identified as significant predictors of self-reported sleep quality in patients with MCI (R2 = .327, F6,145 = 11.729, P < .0001). Conclusions: Sleep disturbance occurs in around two-thirds of patients with MCI. Interventions addressing depression, cognition, and substance and medication use may improve sleep quality in MCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

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McKinnon, A., Terpening, Z., Hickie, I. B., Batchelor, J., Grunstein, R., Lewis, S. J. G., & Naismith, S. L. (2014). Prevalence and predictors of poor sleep quality in mild cognitive impairment. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 27(3), 204-211. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891988714527516