Prevalence of the type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram in Caucasian patients with suspected coronary spasm

Peter Ong, Rachel Bastiaenen, Velislav N. Batchvarov, Anastasios Athanasiadis, Hariharan Raju, Juan Carlos Kaski, Udo Sechtem, Elijah R. Behr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: Sporadic cases have reported the coexistence of coronary spasm and Brugada syndrome. However, the prevalence of the Brugada phenotype in coronary spasm is unknown, particularly in non-Japanese populations. In this study, we sought to examine the prevalence of the type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG) in a large European patient population undergoing intracoronary provocation testing for suspected coronary spasm. Methods and results: We retrospectively evaluated ECG data for the presence of type 1, 2, and 3 Brugada ECGs from 955 consecutive German patients without obstructive coronary artery disease undergoing intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) provocation (ACH-test). Eight hundred and twenty-seven patients (age 63 ± 12 years; 42% male) with complete ECG data were eligible for further analysis. The ACH-test revealed coronary spasm in 325 patients (39.3%). A Brugada ECG of any type was found in six patients (0.7) at baseline and eight patients (0.9%) at any time. There was no difference in the prevalence of coronary spasm in patients with (37.5) and without (39.3%) Brugada-type ECGs. The type 1 Brugada ECG was not seen at baseline, but two type 1 Brugada ECGs were observed during ACH-administration into the right coronary artery (RCA; 0.2%), one with simultaneous RCA spasm and one without. Ajmaline provocation testing reproduced the type-1 Brugada ECG in the patient without coronary spasm but she had no other features of the Brugada syndrome. Conclusions: This study reports a low prevalence of the type 1 Brugada ECG in the largest known European collection of intracoronary ACH provocation. In these patients, we found no evidence for the coexistence of Brugada syndrome and coronary spasm. This is in contrast to available Japanese data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1631
Number of pages7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetylcholine
  • Ajmaline
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Coronary spasm
  • Prevalence


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of the type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram in Caucasian patients with suspected coronary spasm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this