Preventing adolescent depression: An evaluation of the problem solving for life program

Susan H. Spence*, Jeanie K. Sheffield, Caroline L. Donovan

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    203 Citations (Scopus)


    This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Problem Solving For Life program as a universal approach to the prevention of adolescent depression. Short-term results indicated that participants with initially elevated depressions scores (high risk) who received the intervention showed a significantly greater decrease in depressive symptoms and increase in life problem-solving scores from pre- to postintervention compared with a high-risk control group. Low-risk participants who received the intervention reported a small but significant decrease in depression scores over the intervention period, whereas the low-risk controls reported an increase in depression scores. The low-risk group reported a significantly greater increase in problem-solving scores over the intervention period compared with low-risk controls. These results were not maintained, however, at 12-month follow-up.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-13
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


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