Prevention of child and adolescent anxiety disorders

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Anxiety disorders are the most frequently reported mental health concern in child, adolescent, and adult populations (see Costello, Egger, Copeland, Erkanli, & Angold, Chapter 3, this volume) with lifetime prevalence reaching approximately 30% (Kessler, Berglund, Demler, Jin, Merikangas, & Walters, 2005). These disorders exceed the health costs and societal burden of most other physical and mental health problems (Begg, Vos, Barker, Stevenson, & Lopez, 2007; Kessler & Greenburg, 2002). At the individual level, anxiety disorders are associated with immediate distress and impairment (Ialongo, Edelsohn, Werthamer-Larsson, Crockett, & Kellam, 1996; Strauss, Frame, & Forehand, 1987), are a known risk factor in the development of suicidal ideation and of mood and substance use disorders (Hofstra, Van der Ende, & Verhulst, 2000, 2002; Last, Perrin, Hersen, & Kazdin, 1996; Sareen et al., 2005), and are associated with poor long-term outcomes in social, academic, and career domains (Last, Hansen, & Franco, 1997; Weissman et al., 1999). Age of onset for anxiety disorders is typically in childhood or early adolescence (Kessler et al., 2005) and without treatment these disorders persist throughout a person's lifetime (Keller, Lavori, Wunder, Beardslee, Schwartz, & Roth, 1992). Set against this poor prognosis is research showing that the majority of people with anxiety disorders will not receive clinical intervention (Canino et al., 2004; Farmer, Stangl, Burns, Costello, & Angold, 1999).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
EditorsK. Silverman, Andy Field
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780511994920
ISBN (Print)9780521721486, 0521721482
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


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