From occupational deprivation to occupational enrichment

Matthew L. Molineux, Gail Elizab Whiteford

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    37 Citations (Scopus)


    Whilst prisons and prison life are never far from the attention of the popular media, many dimensions of prison life and the incarceration process itself remain poorly understood. The concept of occupational deprivation, recently developed in the occupational science literature, is one that has been applied to understanding the phenomenon of inmates’ restricted occupational engagement in traditional penal settings. This article explores occupational deprivation as a feature of prison life and considers how penal policies create or inadvertently reinforce this situation. In contrast, occupational enrichment is posited as an approach that could be adopted in penal environments to better meet the needs of inmates and society at large.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)124-130
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Occupational Science
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


    • Incarceration
    • Occupational engagement
    • Offender rehabilitation
    • Penal policies

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