Probing and problematizing teacher professional development for inclusion

Stuart Woodcock*, Ian Hardy

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)


    This article explores the nature and extent to which special education professional development (PD) in schools influences teachers’ perceptions of inclusion. Drawing upon theorizing of inclusion, including Slee's notion of ‘exclusive schooling’ and Florian and colleagues’ concept of ‘inclusive pedagogy’, the research employs Saldana's thematic analysis/coding approach to identify key themes from the insights of 120 Canadian elementary and secondary teachers. The results reveal complex, perhaps unanticipated findings, including that increased exposure to current PD in special education appears to have detrimental effects upon teachers’ beliefs in, and understandings of inclusion. The research suggests the need for much closer attention to the nature of the PD experiences of teachers to counter more ‘exclusive’ practices, and to foster more inclusive pedagogies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-54
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • inclusion
    • inclusive pedagogy
    • teacher professional development
    • professional learning
    • special education


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