Processing environmental stimuli in paranoid schizophrenia

recognizing facial emotions and performing executive functions

Shao Hua Yu, Jun Peng Zhu, You Xu, Lei Lei Zheng, Hao Chai, Wei He, Wei Bo Liu, Hui Chun Li, Wei Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To study the contribution of executive function to abnormal recognition of facial expressions of emotion in schizophrenia patients.

Methods: Abnormal recognition of facial expressions of emotion was assayed according to Japanese and Caucasian facial expressions of emotion (JACFEE), Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST), positive and negative symptom scale, and Hamilton anxiety and depression scale, respectively, in 88 paranoid schizophrenia patients and 75 healthy volunteers.

Results: Patients scored higher on the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale and the Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scales, displayed lower JACFEE recognition accuracies and poorer WCST performances. The JACFEE recognition accuracy of contempt and disgust was negatively correlated with the negative symptom scale score while the recognition accuracy of fear was positively with the positive symptom scale score and the recognition accuracy of surprise was negatively with the general psychopathology score in patients. Moreover, the WCST could predict the JACFEE recognition accuracy of contempt, disgust, and sadness in patients, and the perseverative errors negatively predicted the recognition accuracy of sadness in healthy volunteers. The JACFEE recognition accuracy of sadness could predict the WCST categories in paranoid schizophrenia patients.

Conclusion: Recognition accuracy of social-/moral emotions, such as contempt, disgust and sadness is related to the executive function in paranoid schizophrenia patients, especially when regarding sadness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedical and Environmental Sciences
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Japanese and Caucasian facial expressions of emotion
  • Paranoid schizophrenia
  • Wisconsin card sorting test

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Processing environmental stimuli in paranoid schizophrenia: recognizing facial emotions and performing executive functions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this