Prognostic values of B-type natriuretic peptide in severe sepsis and septic shock

Anthony S. McLean*, Stephen J. Huang, Stephanie Hyams, Genie Poh, Marek Nalos, Rahul Pandit, Martin Balik, Ben Tang, Ian Seppelt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock and to investigate the value of B-type natriuretic peptide in predicting intensive care unit outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: General intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Forty patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: B-type natriuretic peptide measurements and echocardiography were carried out daily for 10 consecutive days. In-hospital mortality and length of stay were recorded. The admission B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were generally increased (747 ± 860 pg/mL). B-type natriuretic peptide levels were elevated in patients with normal left ventricular systolic function (568 ± 811 pg/mL), with sepsis-related reversible cardiac dysfunction (630 ± 726 pg/mL), and with chronic cardiac dysfunction (1311 ± 1097 pg/mL). There were no significance changes in B-type natriuretic peptide levels over the 10-day period. The daily B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations for the first 3 days neither predicted in-hospital mortality nor correlated with length of intensive care unit or hospital stay. CONCLUSION: B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were increased in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock regardless of the presence or absence of cardiac dysfunction. Neither the B-type natriuretic peptide levels for the first 3 days nor the daily changes in B-type natriuretic peptide provided prognostic value for in-hospital mortality and length of stay in this mixed group of patients, which included patients with chronic cardiac dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1026
Number of pages8
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • Cardiac dysfunction
  • Intensive care
  • Length of stay
  • Mortality
  • Severe sepsis

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